The Basics of Pencil Pines (Cupressus Sempervirens Glauca)

The Basics of Pencil Pines (Cupressus Sempervirens Glauca) Evergreen Trees Direct

Looking to buy a Pencil Pines?(Cupressus Sempervirens Glauca)

Cupressus sempervirens glauca, more commonly known as the Italian cypress or pencil pine, is an evergreen conifer native to the Mediterranean region. This species of tree is a popular garden and park choice due to its columnar growth habit, deep green foliage, and ability to be pruned into a variety of shapes. Let’s take a closer look at this versatile tree.

Common Name: Pencil Pine
Mature Height: Up to 30 metres
Mature Width: Approx 1m wide
Foliage: Deep green foliage
Evergreen/ Deciduous: Evergreen
Flowers: None 
Form: Columnar growth habit
Genus: Cupressus
Species: Sempervirens glauca 
Drought Tolerance: Low-medium tolerance 
Uses: Hedging specimen, feature tree, topiary shape in gardens and parks 
Tree Habit: Evergreen conifer with a columnar growth habit  
Growth Rate: Slow growing tree 

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Origin of the Pencil Pine Tree

The Italian Cyprus tree is native to the islands of Sicily and Sardinia in Italy, but can now be found growing in gardens across many other parts of Europe and the world. Its scientific name "Cupressus sempervirens glauca" comes from Latin words which mean ‚Äėliving forever‚Äô and ‚Äėblue‚Äô respectively‚ÄĒa reference to the tree's distinctive coloration. This species belongs to the family Cupressaceae and can grow up to¬†15m tall (as seen below) and 1 meter wide.

 

Characteristics of a Pencil Pine

The most striking feature of this species are its pencil-shaped leaves which give it its nickname‚ÄĒthe pencil pine tree. The foliage is medium green at first but takes on a blue-grey hue as it matures, making it a great choice for adding some color to your garden. The leaves are small and scale-like, arranged around flattened branches in whorls of four or five each. The bark has a distinctive red-brown hue which gives this species a unique character when planted amongst other evergreens.

 

How to Plant an Pencil Pine

Pencil Pines does best in well-drained soil with full sun exposure though it can tolerate partial shade or light shade if necessary. When planting your new seedling or sapling ensure that there is ample space for growth so make sure you check the mature height and width before purchasing one for your garden. When planting these trees make sure you dig holes twice as large as needed so that roots have plenty of room spread out when they take hold - remember they will eventually be supporting an entire tree! It also helps if you add some fertilizer into the soil before planting too - this will provide essential nutrients during those crucial early stages of growth when your new sapling needs all the help it can get!

 

How To Look After An Pencil Pine Once Planted

Once planted correctly a Pencil Pine Tree should require minimal maintenance throughout its life span - however there are still certain steps you should take every year to ensure it stays healthy and happy! Pruning should be carried out occasionally (usually once per year) in order to keep the shape looking neat and tidy - pruning also encourages more foliage growth which will help densify the canopy over time! Additionally watering should be done regularly during dry spells (at least once per week) as these trees prefer moist soil conditions at all times - mulching around your new sapling also helps retain moisture levels in warmer weathers! Finally fertilizing once or twice during Spring/Summer months will help give your new addition that extra boost needed for optimal health!

This tree is highly adaptable and can tolerate most soils as long as they are well drained. It requires full sun but will do well in part shade too. Its rigidity makes the Pencil Pine ideal for hedging because it can be sculpted into almost any form you desire without losing its structure while still giving a natural look. You can also enjoyable topiary shape when grown correctly. The Italian Cypress is also extremely drought tolerant and requires little maintenance once established. Therefore it makes a great choice for those who want a low-maintenance garden with minimal effort.  

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